Goals are centered at both ends of a soccer field, often known as “the pitch,” which is at least 100 yards long and 50 yards wide. Markings are placed on the field for the corners, penalty area, spot, and center for kickoffs. Without these markings, corner kicks would be kicks.

The halfway line, which connects the middle of both touchlines, divides the playing field into two halves. The center mark, also known as the center spot, is located in the center of this halfway line. A 10-yard-distance circle has been drawn around it.

The playing surface may be grass or synthetic materials like FieldTurf. Any artificial surface must always be green in color. The ideal configuration for a legal soccer field is depicted in the following diagram:

Team positions for soccer

One goalkeeper and ten field players make up each soccer team’s eleven players. Each player strives to assist the team in scoring goals—and to keep the opposing side from doing the same—whether they are playing an offensive or defensive position. The roles of each available position in the field are described in the list below:

Goalkeeper: The only player permitted to use their hands is the goalkeeper, only within the rectangular penalty area that extends 18 yards from each side of the goal.

Defenders: Their primary responsibility is to prevent the opposition from scoring while playing in front of the goalkeeper. Outside fullbacks play on the left and right flanks of the pitch and hardly ever change positions. Central defenders stand in the middle of the field and typically defend the center forward or top goal scorer for the opposition (s).

The midfielders provide the link between the defense and the offensive. Because they are required to run the most during a game, midfielders must be the most physically fit players on the field. On offense, they should be able to get far into the enemy area, and when the opposition keeps the ball, they should be able to switch to defense.

Forwards: Their primary responsibility is to score goals or help teammates score goals. The most dangerous player in the attacking third of the field should be the center forward, commonly referred to as the striker.